Calling all Coyotes
When we hunt and call any predator (coyote, bear, mountain lion, etc.) we are playing on three different animal instincts. First is food, we’ll use some type of animal in distress call. Second is sexual, we’ll use different coyote vocalizations during their mating season. Third is territorial, these vocalizations are a lot like the calls we use during the mating season but are more aggressive and challenging. Basically we are invading their territory and antagonizing a fight.
Coyote vocalizations are really just yelps, barks, whines, and howls with different emotions within their tone. There are other sounds coyotes make but these four sounds are what we mainly use. For example, if you do a long howl, you’re basically doing an invitation howl or hey everyone I’m over here. If you do the same howl only with a lower tone and anger you’re clamming your territory and letting all other coyotes know this. Now, if you do the same howl but cut it off real short and throw a couple barks before or after, it has now become a challenge howl. Learning these sounds is the easy part; it’s the when and what sound to make that’s the difficult part. Part of the learning process is being in the field as much as you can and listening to the real thing and then deciphering what their saying or doing. Another way is getting a DVD or CD and listening to them and then imitate what you’re hearing.
To do these different sounds there are three different types of calls you can use. One is the mouth diaphragm which is the most difficult to learn but has the least amount of movement. When I use a mouth diaphragm I use two different ones from Hunter’s Specialties, Wayne Carlton’s Premium Flex 2.5 Elk Diaphragm and the Premium Flex Triple Elk Diaphragm 2.5 Elk Diaphragm and the Premium Flex Triple Elk Diaphragm. With either of these diaphragms I can make all four of those sounds, plus if I get into a barking challenge (which I have) I can mimic that coyote’s bark for bark or howl for howl. Coyotes are like elk, they don’t like to be mimicked and the more you do it the madder they get.
Another type of diaphragm call is the Johnny Stewart Mac Daddy Howler with the Megaphone. Anyone can learn all the vocalizations fairly quick with it because it is so very user friendly and sounds great. The best part about the Mac Daddy Howler for me is I can take the mouth piece out and use just the megaphone with my mouth diaphragm to get a loader volume when needed; it acts like an elk bugle tube.
Second is a hand held internal or external reed call. This type of call has been around for a long time and is probably the call most predator hunters started with when they first started calling. The internal reed is probably the easiest to use because you just blow air through it. The way it works is the air you blow goes through the barrel and the reed inside vibrates making the sound. The harder you blow the loader it is and by varying the amount of air you blow is what makes the call sound realistic. The same applies for an external reed type call but is a little more difficult in which you use your teeth or lips to put pressure on the reed while blowing to make it work. The more pressure you apply the higher the tone, less pressure the lower the tone.
The third call is by far the easiest but the most expensive and that is electronic digital calls. There are really only two types of electronic digital calls manufactured today, remote and non-remote. A non-remote has a wire attached to the speaker and it is plugged into the hand held pad. This limits how far you can place the speaker away from you; average length is about 50-60 feet. Then when you’re done you have to roll up all that wire and when it’s cold the wire is stiff so it’s not a fun task doing it over and over. With a remote caller you are wireless and you have the freedom to place the speaker up to 300 yards away in any direction depending on the terrain and what type of digital call you have. You can put the speaker on the ground in a bush or in a tree. When you’re done just grab the speaker and off you go, no tangled wires in any brush and no rolling up 50 feet of frozen wire. The drawback like I said is the cost.Wireless calls can range from $50.00 dollars up to $600.00. The wireless digital call I use is the Jury from Johnny Stewart which has 25 preloaded sounds right at my fingertips, plus I can download more sounds at www.hunterspec.com. All the sounds are authentic and are not computer or man-made; they are, the real sounds of real animals.
It is very important that you read the hunting rules and regulations for the state you may be hunting in on the use of electronic callers. Some states like Colorado, electronic callers are illegal to use on bear or mountain lion, but coyotes, fox, and bobcats it’s legal. In Colorado the only calls you can use to call bear or mountain lions in are hand held calls.
Hunt Hard & Shoot Straight