As we move towards hunting season a quick reminder to all that your firearms need to have a quick cleaning even if you have not used them since last season.
With the new cleaning systems available a quick cleaning won’t take too long. The “boresnake system” allows for a one swipe and done barrel cleaning. Using the traditional rod system takes just a bit longer but either way a quick cleaning of the barrel, and an inspection and lubrication of the action should be done before heading to your favorite field.
After use a more thorough clean is necessary. When cleaning any firearm first check to see that it is unloaded. Many accidental shootings occur while cleaning a loaded weapon.
When using the rod system, I prefer to use a brass bristle brush first to break any particulates loose in the barrel. Caution: never reverse the direction of the brush in the barrel; always push the brush completely through the barrel before reversing the direction. The newer spiral wound brushes are excellent for use on smooth bore weapons such as shotguns, but will not get into the groves of the rifling. Then a swab or a patch with a bore cleaning solution should be used, followed by another dry swab or patch until you have a clean swab or patch after use. At this point a very light coat of gun oil should be applied to give the cleaned barrel a little protection. Note that a very small amount of oil is all that’s needed.
When using a boresnake system, all the steps above except the oiling may be accomplished with one swipe of the boresnake. An additional feature of the boresnake is that it may be used from the action towards the end of the barrel, eliminating any particulates being “dumped” into the receiver area. Again, a small amount of gun oil should be used to protect the bore of the barrel.
Cleaning the action is a little more complicated. Refer to your owner’s manual for disassembly instructions. Modern ammunition is much cleaner than in the past and a complete teardown isn’t always necessary. Inspect your receiver area, and using a can of compressed air (the type used on computer keyboards) removes some of the accumulated grit. If your action requires a complete cleaning, tear down the action and clean individual parts with solvent, drying with a soft dry cloth and following that a light coating of oil should be applied. Remember that a lot of oil isn’t always best.
Modern firearms can give the user many years of service, but nothing will extend the life of you firearm like proper maintenance. If at any point you find something that doesn’t seem right with your firearm, please consult a gunsmith.
Bass Pro Shops Outdoor World carries a complete line of gun cleaning products. For any questions or tips just ask your Bass Pro Shops Outdoor World hunting professional. They are here to help make your hunting season a successful and an enjoyable one.
And always remember: Safety First.
Written by our own hunter Mark Neathery