New York Hunting and Trapping - Crossbows

New York State started shooting cross-bows last year during rifle season.  Bass Pro has a large variety of cross bows to pick from.  The associates in the Archery Department will be happy to help you in any way possible.  It is the responsibility of the hunter to know all regulations, as well as read and fill out the Crossbow Certificate of Qualification.  Once read and filled out, this should be with your license.  Why not go over general information from the DEC?  All this information plus more is available in your New York Hunting and Trapping Guide for 2012-2013.  Take the time to read the book.  If you don't get one when you get your license feel free to go on the web and look it up.  The website is or feel free to call them at 1-866-426-3778.

Legal Requirements for Crossbows:

A bow, a string, and either compound or recurve limbs with minimum width of 17 inches (tip of limbs, uncocked).

Mounted on a stock with a trigger and working safety that holds the string and limbs under tension.

A minimum peak draw weight of 100 pounds and a maximum peak draw weight of 200 pounds.

A minimum overall length from the butt of the stock to the front of limbs of 24 inches.

A minimum length of the bolt of 14 inches. (Arrowhead is nonbarbed, 2 or more cutting surfaces at least 7/8” wide).

A crossbow is considered unloaded if the bolt is removed, regardless whether it is cocked or uncocked.

General Information:

Crossbows may only be used to hunt deer and bear.

Crossbows may only be used during the early bear season, regular firearms seasons, late muzzleloader

seasons, and the special firearms season in Suffolk County.

Crossbows cannot be used during bowhunting seasons or in ‘Archery Only’ areas of the state.

The hunter needs a current year’s license to hunt big game.

If hunting with crossbow in late muzzleloading season, the muzzleloading privilege is also required.

Crossbow Safety Rules:

Before shooting your crossbow, read and thoroughly understand your crossbow owner’s manual.

Always identify your target and the area beyond it before shooting.

Make sure your crossbow’s limb tips are free of obstructions before shooting.

If hunting from a tree stand, always cock the crossbow on the ground before climbing into the stand.

Do not place the bolt on the crossbow until you are safely in your stand.

Never raise or lower a cocked crossbow with a bolt in it from a tree stand.

Keep ALL fingers below the crossbow’s rail when shooting a bolt.

Never carry a cocked crossbow with a bolt in it while walking.

Never dry-fire (cock and fire without loading a bolt) a crossbow.

Never use a cocking device to uncock a crossbow.

To uncock a crossbow, shoot a bolt tipped with a field point into soft ground or a target.

Always observe a maximum effective range for hunting of less than 40 yards to prevent wounding game.

To understand how bolts function, though not mandatory, consider taking a bowhunter education course.

Again, all this information is right out of the New York Hunting and Trapping 2012-2013 Official Guide to Laws & Regulations.  So stop on by to Bass Pro Shops and check out some Crossbows.  They are fun and with the proper knowledge you will enjoy them for years. 

Robin Piedmonte

Events Coordinator









What is a Rifle Sling and why is it important?

The Rifle Sling:

           Often overlooked as just a small item to add to a rifle when getting ready to take to the field, the sling is almost as important as how well a stock fits the shooter. The sling is about comfort and a good one will allow the hunter to pay closer attention to the task at hand…finding quality game to bring home.

    So what is it that brings us the comfort? Well number one on my list is “Not Slipping Off The Shoulder”. This says a great deal about what we need. We will walk many miles in hunting season and having the rifle at the shoulder should be both good for easy access and for safety purposes. My sling of choice is made by Quake and called “The Claw”. It is a rubber-plastic material that is soft and just a little sticky to the touch. This of course is the beauty of this sling. It will not slip off your shoulder, in addition it has shown me another helpful use. Because it’s construction as a full 2 sided sling I have found when I carry some feed or other plastic bag of goods into the field and carry it on my shoulder this sling is non-slip on the other side too. The bag stays on my shoulder with the gun! I have been using the same sling for 5 years now.  It is still as good now as when it was new! Mine happens to be black but there are other patterns made in this sling.

    Come in to Bass Pro Shops today and let us help you find the perfect rifle sling for you!


-Bill Mellentine (Hunting)


Deer Hunting Firearms


Deer Hunting Rifles

The deer is the most sought after game animal in North America, and its popularity is ever increasing. The reason for this popularity is because of the vast populations and the somewhat easiness of the hunt. It is practiced by all sorts of hunters, starting with youngsters and ending with the expert experienced hunters that have been around for ages and know all the tips and tricks of this activity.Deer hunting is a sport that requires all the basic necessities as any other hunting kind: patience, preparation and strategy, but at the same time, a higher determination level because the results often appear long after you would expect.


Deer Hunting Guns

The first issue that must come in our minds when choosing a gun for deer hunting is what the gun will look like. Bolt action is considered by many as the best solution, while others use on a regular basis pumps, semi-auto loaders and levers.

Deer hunting with gun is done usually less than 100 yards but there are areas where shots are taken from 200 yards and beyond. When browsing the selection of deer hunting guns, the barrel length is something to be taken seriously into consideration.


Deer Hunting Rifles

A shorter barrel for deer rifles will be more maneuverable and will result in a quicker shot in heavy brush at running game. These barrels are also lighter, very good for steep country. The disadvantages are loss in stability and velocity. Our users have come to the conclusion that the best all-around model of a deer hunting rifle would have to be the following: Winchester M94, Marlin 336, Savage Model 110, Winchester Model 70 and the Browning A-Bolt.


Deer Hunting Shotguns

For those of you interested in deer hunting with shotgun, the choice of barrel is very important. The accuracy of rifled barrels and saboted ammunition is incredible, but many smoothbores still prove very efficient in many various circumstances. Many experienced hunters have killed more deer with a 12 gauge smoothbore than most guys take with rifles. As always, it is where you put the slug that counts. A deer hunting shotgun must be light weight and offer enough power to take down the animal. Our  trusted users recommend the following deer shotguns: Mossberg’s 930 Slugster, Lightfield’s Hybred, Beretta 391, Mossberg 935 and Winchester Super X2.


Deer Hunting Scopes

Regarding the deer hunting scopes used, there is a lot to consider. Magnification should be 3x-9x, more than enough for deer. Brands to take into consideration would have to be Sightron (the most affordable) and Leupolds (the most expensive). It is recommend to acquire models that have a matte finish so that they will not shine when going into the woods. When it comes to choosing a crosshair or reticle (that is what you will actually see - usually a cross - when you look through the scope), it is quite hard to beat the tried-and-true cross with lines that are thicker towards the outer ends of the "hairs" and thinner in the center, where they cross. Different manufacturers call them by different names, but usually they will be named "plex" or some variation thereof. From the long list of available scopes suitable for deer rifle, visitors of the site recommended the following 5: Leupold 2.5-8x Vari-X III, 7mm-08 Leupold VX III 1.75-6, 270 WSM Nikon 3-9, Nightforce NXS and the BSA Huntsman RGB.


The topic of best rifle for deer hunting has been discussed for a thousand times and hunters have come up with a thousand answers. There is no such thing as the best deer hunting gun, but of course some are them are more recommended in comparison with others. However, from all of the options available today, it is worth mentioning that the Marlin Model 336C is without any doubt, the most reliable and popular deer rifle of all times. With its 20” barrel and full length magazine, it is capable of targeting fast and swing quite smoothly. This astonishing famous lever action carbine offers a rock solid top receiver for strength and easy scope mounting, forged steel parts, and a checkered, pistol grip stock made from genuine American black walnut. When you heft a Model 336 and cycle the action you can feel the quality. For these reasons many avid hunters consider it to be one of the best, if not the best deer hunting rifle available today.


As a conclusion, the development of deer hunting guns has come a long way and the variations today are quite impressive. Here are other reliable examples of efficient deer guns: Browning A-Bolt II Medallion, Remington Model 798 and the Remington Model Seven CDL/LS. Guns are now very accurate, lightweight and efficient, exactly what an avid deer hunter needs.


The AR-15: Finally Getting Respect in the Hunting Arena

By Paul H. Alburl, Hunting Dept.

Most people do not realize that the AR-15 has been around in one form or another since 1959. It was first used by US military troops in 1963 and was formally adopted as the standard military issue weapon in 1969. Initially plagued with problems due to political interferences, the AR-15 has come full circle:  from front-line military weapon to fully accepted sporting and competition rifle with widespread use in the varmint hunting community, it is a fast-handling, fast-shooting, low-recoiling, quickly reloaded rifle that just about everybody seems to be making now. Buy a lower receiver and you can swap out upper assemblies on it that will enable you to do just about anything you need to do. The rifle can be had in the original direct gas-impingement system or the cooler running, cleaner, and more reliable piston-drive mode of operation. Most frequently chambered in 5.56mm/.223, the AR-15 can be found in many different calibers. Choices ranging from 5.56/.223 to .50 Beowulf make it useful for anything from plinking to serious hunting.

From the Colt Match Target HBAR heavy barrel precision rifle with 20” barrel ( ) to the Remington R-25 camo hunter in .308 ( ), Bass Pro now has something for just about everyone. We stock the 16” barrel Colt Sporter, the Remington R-15 VTR Predator ( with 18” or 22” barrel and with either a fixed A2 type or adjustable telescoping 6-position stock as well as the Bushmaster 16” carbines with adjustable stocks and in optics-ready models . Also available is a lightweight carbon fiber model with removable carry handle and a picatinny railed upper ( ).

Smith & Wesson also manufactures a bewildering array of AR-15 models ( ) and we stock many of them. One of the more popular models available is the M&P-15 Tactical with MBUS backup sights, MagPul PMag polymer magazine (which you can leave loaded long-term without worrying about magazine failure), 1 in 8” twist 16” barrel, and a 10” aluminum quad rail for mounting lights, lasers, and whatever else you might need. Other models include the OR (“Optics Ready”) flat-top with telescoping stock, the “X” model with quad rail and 1 in 9” twist barrel, and the MOE model  with full MagPul stock and forearm package. These are all 5.56mm/.223 caliber models. S&W also makes a real AR-15 in .22LR which breaks down like your 5.56/.223 AR and uses the actual charging handle to activate the bolt. This is an outstanding training aid since your controls are the same as your 5.56/.223, muscle memory can be trained and ingrained, and you can shoot all day for comparatively nothing. If you want to keep training but can’t afford to spend your entire check to do it, then this is the rifle for you!

Other models available include the Sig Sauer 556 with 16” barrel and a charging handle which can be swapped to the left side of the weapon for the lefties out there who are tired of running a right-handed rifle ( ). Sig also makes a California-compliant model with a non-telescoping stock.

Come to the hunting department and see what we have for you in the area of AR-15 rifles and accessories. Our AR-15 accessories line is growing by the day and I am sure that we have something here to fill your AR-15 hunting and shooting needs.


Steals and Deals at Bass Pro Shops Through July 4th!


Hey Bass Pro Shoppers! This week we're featuring several new and clearance items. Below are just some of the great deals we have going on through July fourth.

Listed below are three essentials for the upcoming hunting season.

Let's start off with the Savage Synthetic package 111. This special offer is available in the .243 youth, .270, and 30-06 models in a synthetic/blued combination. This special buy is only $549.97!

Item Sku: 1024675, 1024660, 1024661

Savage Synthetic package 111

 Next, we Have a Remington Model 700 Sportsman. This incredible Deal is available in .243, .270, and 30-06 which comes with a 22” blued barrel and hardwood stock. This exquisite gun is on sale this week for only $429.97!

Item Sku: 1800321, 1800322, 1800323

 Remington Model 700 Sportsman (link not available)

 Last but not least of our long rifles, we have the Winchester Model 70 Black Shadow Rifles. This model is available in .243, .308, and 30-06 in blued synthetic (Black Shadow models only) for 25% off regular price!

Item Sku: 1723122, 1723123, 1723125

 Winchester Model 70 Black Shadow (link not available)

 Moving on to our smaller toys; we have our hand guns. These week we're featuring Taurus Millennium Pro, Smith & Wesson Model 637 Revolver, and the NEW Ruger LCR 22 (light compact Revolver).

 The Taurus Millennium Pro is becoming more and more popular due to the benefits it offers at the low price of $399.99! This Taurus is a 9mm double action with a 3.25” barrel with the capacity of 12 rounds and Heine/straight eight rear sights.

Item Sku: 996690

 Taurus Millennium Pro

The Smith & Wesson Model 637 Revolver air weight is a .38 Special with the 1.87” snub nose barrel with the capacity of 5 rounds in matte silver. This sweet little gun is single/double action for the great price of $419.99!

Item Sku: 1307869

The Smith & Wesson Model 637 Revolver

 The Ruger LCR 22 (Lightweight Compact Revolver) is a NEW item fresh off of the line with a 1.875 snub nose barrel with the capacity of 8 rounds. Your not gonna wanna miss this sweet deal of $449.99!

Item Sku: 1890228

 Ruger LCR 22 (Lightweight Compact Revolver) (link not available)

That's all for this week folks!Come back for more deals and steals. This is your one stop Bass Pro Shops Blog, signing out till next time...


You just bought a modern Sporting rifle!


You just bought a Modern Sporting Rifle; congratulations you now own the most customizable firearm on the planet! When it comes to the MSR there are hundreds of different directions that a person can go, weather it be for shooting varmint with a heavy barrel, long range scope and bipod or if you want a close quarters combat rifle with a quad rail, flash light and a vertical grip.

The MSR is a great tool for dealing with a varmint infestation from coyotes all the way to hogs. The high capacity magazines and low recoil make it ideal to squeeze off multiple shots even on a running coyote. The variety of optics that can be put on the MSR is just as diverse. A person can mount a reflex, like the EoTech, for close quarters action with a heard of hogs or they can put something like the Nikon M223 3-12x42 for long range shooting. The BDC 600 reticle in the M223 was specifically designed for the 223 Remington cartridges and can allow a shooter to have an effective range of over 600 yards, in ideal conditions.

If hunting is not your sport of choice a MSR chambered in 223 is also an inexpensive alternative to shooting high caliber, high price rifles. For those that want to go to a range a shoot off 500 rounds without spending over $500 on ammunition the 223 Remington is a great alternative, and the high capacity of the MSR makes for a long time between reloads. Other great options are things like 22 Long Rifle conversion kits such as the Stainless Steel CMMG kit. This allows you to take the bolt out of your MSR and drop in the adaptor kit, change magazines, and you are able to shoot 22LR out of your full size MSR. This is the ultimate solution for wanting to shoot lots of ammo, because it will only cost you $25 for well over 500 rounds of 22 verses $25 for about 45 round of 223 ammo.

The MSR is also a great choice for those looking for a home defense firearms that can provide ample firepower without over penetration. The short barrel and the collapsible stock of the M4 make it easier to maneuver corners than a full length shotgun and with the versatility of a quad rail it is easy to mount accessories such as vertical grips, lights and laser identifiers. With the pairing of optics like the Vortex Fire Dot the MSR can be a deadly defensive tool within the walls of your home. With the low recoil of the 223 bullet it would be easy for a female to shoot the gun as well. With new technology that is in bullet design the 223 Remington bullet used in the MSR will not penetrate more than a few sheet of sheetrock inside a home. This helps prevent the problem of firing a gun in a house, for protection, but the bullet travels all the way through your home and possible into a neighbor’s home, destroying everything in its path. The MSR is not a gun just for the military any more; in fact with the versatility of the MSR any outdoorsman can find a use for the MSR weather it is for hunting, protection or play.


How to Buy an Accurate Rifle or Handgun: what to look for when you are shopping.

We all want to get the most value for our hard-earned dollar. We want the best we can get for what we are willing to spend: so how does one know when one is getting the most for one’s money when it comes to guns? For what characteristics does one look? Here are some factors that contribute to accuracy and are easy to notice if one knows what to look for.

One of the first things to look for is a smooth, tight action. If it is a bolt action rifle, check to see if the bolt works smoothly and easily or if it is hard to cycle throughout the full travel of the bolt. When fully extended, does it go back into the receiver in a straight line or does it bind as you push it back into battery? A bolt that works smoothly will work more quickly when a follow-up shot is needed and is a sign that the bolt fits the receiver well and that both are machined correctly. If it is not a tight fit, it will not be as accurate as one that is tightly fit. If the firearm you are shopping for is a semi-auto handgun, then ensure that the slide is tight against the frame and slides smoothly and easily for its full range of travel. If the firearm is a revolver, ensure that the cylinder locks up tightly into the frame, with no side to side wobble, and that the action does not feel gritty or loose: the parts should slide smoothly across each other with no looseness or roughness to your touch. A gritty feel to the interplay of the parts suggests a firearm which is not as well finished internally as one which feels smooth throughout the movement of the parts.  It will not be as accurate as one that is internally well-finished.

For rifles, the next thing should be the mounting of the receiver and barrel into the stock of the rifle. Does the stock touch the barrel at any point past where the barrel comes out of the receiver? A rifle whose barrel is “floated”, meaning that the barrel is able to move freely after a round is fired, will be much more accurate than a rifle whose stock touches the barrel for the entire length of the stock. Why does this matter? It matters because anytime you fire a round through a barrel a vibration travels through the length of the barrel; this vibration is called a “harmonic”. When this vibration is undisturbed the next vibration will be exactly the same as the one before it, causing the bullet to go into exactly the same place as the last bullet fired. This is accuracy defined: placing the next round exactly where the prior round went. If everything occurs in exactly the same way for each round fired, then they should all go into the same big hole, which is ultimately our goal.

Perhaps this illustration will help. Think of a coffee cup full of water. If you dip your fingertip into it, you will see circular ripples circulate out from the point where you touched it: think of this as your barrel harmonic. This pattern should always be the same. Now dip your fingertip at several different places while this ripple effect is moving outward. You will see the circles intermix, disrupting the form of the original harmonic: this is what occurs when the stock of the rifle touches the barrel when a round is fired. Any bump under the barrel that touches the barrel causes stress on it and disrupts the harmonic, causing the round fired to be deterred from its originally intended course. This is inaccuracy: Bullets traveling everywhere but where we intend them to travel. Anything that disturbs the harmonic disturbs accuracy and your ability to hit your target where you intend it to be hit. Avoid this problem by buying a rifle with a “floated” barrel.

 There are two ways to tell if your barrel is floated. One way is to look along the edge of the barrel where it curves down to meet the stock: if there is a gap between the barrel and the stock, then it is probably floated. The second way to tell, if you are still unsure after method one, is to take a dollar bill and wrap it width-wise around the barrel. Holding the two long ends of the dollar bill, slide it down the length of the barrel until it stops. If it stops in front of the receiver, then the barrel is “fully floated” and this will lead to your best accuracy since the barrel can freely vibrate and keep the harmonic undisturbed. If the bill slides down part, but not all, of the way then it will still be a more accurate rifle than one which is not floated at all, but probably not quite as accurate as one which is fully floated. Rifles having fully floated barrels right “off the rack” are the Tikka T3, Winchester Model 70, Thompson Icon, Weatherby S2 (Series 2 Sub-MOA), Thompson Venture, and some of the Savage rifles, to name a few.  These are all at least “minute of angle” or “MOA” rifles right out of the box and will shoot at least 3 rounds into an inch at 100 yards.

The third thing to look for in a rifle is a “bedded” receiver. This means that, while the barrel is free to move, the receiver is locked down into the stock. “Bedding” a receiver keeps the entire action in line with the barrel and provides a rock-solid launch pad for the round fired. This contributes to accuracy as much as does floating the barrel and is especially important in a rifle with a stock made of wood. Having originally been a living organism before being cut down and shaped into a stock, wood is inherently affected by temperature and humidity. This is why your unbedded rifle, which you sighted in at the range during 95 degree heat and 98% humidity, missed the target you shot at on a 28 degree morning with 30% humidity: wood cells swell in hot weather and shrink during cold weather, causing your receiver to move enough to skew your shot. Bedding the receiver takes this variable out of the shooting equation and keeps all factors the same, resulting in a more accurate shot and putting the game down with one round. A rifle with a bedded receiver will be inherently more accurate than a receiver which is not, which is why snipers, benchrest shooters, and precision shooters of bolt action rifles always have their receivers bedded. Receivers of semi-auto rifles like AR-15’s are a bit different, but tightness of parts fit, smoothness of operation, and barrel floating are still of prime importance. Rifles available with bedded receivers are the Winchester Model 70, Thompson Icon, Weatherby S2 (Series 2 Sub-MOA), Thompson Venture, and some of the Savage rifles. Rifles capable of shooting MOA (minute of angle) are capable of placing 3 shots inside 1” at 100 yards; the Weatherby S2 is capable of sub-MOA groups measuring less than 1” at 100 yards … and retails for $499! Most rifles claiming sub-MOA performance easily retail for three times that price.

Buying an accurate rifle or handgun is easy. Remember that what a firearm looks like on the outside (fit of the outside parts, finish on the exterior parts) will tell you a lot about what quality of work on the inside is like, especially on a handgun. Buying an accurate rifle is easy if it is bedded, floated, and the weapon works smoothly as a whole. An adjustable trigger is also a huge contributor to accuracy since the harder you must pull the trigger, the greater the chances of pulling your sight picture off of the target. Accurate rifles are not necessarily expensive anymore, thanks to CNC machining and some pretty significant technology leaps in the past few years. There is no longer any reason to wait  to shop for that new rifle with so many excellent choices out there.

By: Paul Alburl, Hunting Associate



One of my fondest memories of childhood was having my own Daisy BB gun and plinking at tin cans and "other opportunities" in my backyard.  As I grew and became older, I enjoyed plinking and hunting with rimfire and centerfire rifles, revolvers, and shotguns.  Before I became aquainted with perfume and gasoline, there was nothing better than the smell of fresh fired gunpowder (including fireworks)!  Off to college and pursuing a career, I lost touch with the joys of hunting and shooting.  But not long ago, living in an area not condusive to using a rimfire rifle or pistol, I rediscovered airguns and took up plinking and target shooting again!

The oldest existing airgun dates from1580 and is displayed in a museum in Stockholm, Sweden.  In the 1600's airguns of .30 - .51 caliber were used for both hunting and warfare, since their accuracy, relative quietness, and lack of telltale smoke were a great advantage over the crude matchlocks of the time.  Lewis and Clark took an 800 psi, .46 caliber airgun with them on their exploratory trip to the west at the turn of the 19th century.

Today's airguns come in a wide variety of types, styles, uses, and power.  From the same reliable Daisy BB guns to the powerful and supersonic pellet rifles used for plinking, hunting, and competitive target shooting and the soft air and paintball guns used for mock combat, there is an airgun suited to most any purpose.  Air guns are operated with a spring piston, single or multi-stroke pump, or cylinders of compressed carbon dioxide. 

For simple target shooting or plinking fun, I like to get out my Crosman CO2 BB repeater pistol, but get more power and accuracy using my Crosman CO2 .177 caliber "357" pellet revolver.  Both use cylinders of carbon dioxide that are fitted within the pistol's grips and both attain a velocity of around 400+ ft. per second, with the .177 lead pellet having more mass than the .177 copper BB and thus more knockdown power.

For more punch, I opt for my Crosman "American Classic" .177 caliber pellet pistol or my Crosman "760" .177 caliber pellet rifle, both multi-stroke pumps with velocities in excess of 600 ft. per second.  A multi-stroke pump means that the more times the gun is pumped, the more pressure is provided and the higher velocity of the round.

For small game hunting, varmit and pest control, or target annihilation, I use a Gamo .177 "Big Cat", break barrel - spring piston rifle with a scope.  With special Gamo pellets, this rifle can reach supersonic velocities of over 1,250 ft. per second, making a loud "crack" like a .22 rimfire.  However, unlike a .22 rimfire, the smaller sized .177 pellet does not have the mass or the knockdown power of the rimfire, yet it is considerable.

For even more knockdown power, I turn to my Beeman RS2 break barrel - spring piston rifle that shoots a .22 caliber pellet at some 830 ft. per second. 

No airgun, including BB guns, air soft, paintball or pellet rifles should be considered a toy!  Each should be treated with safety in mind, just as any other firearm.  Municipal Codes may prohibit the firing of an airgun within their area of jurisdiction.  Check with your local Authorities beforehand.  Although eye protection if a must, hearing protection may only be necessary when shooting at supersonic velocities.  It should be noted that pellets shot at supersonic speeds suffer from instability when encountering the shock wave produced at the speed of sound and are somewhat less accurate at longer ranges than a sub-sonic round.

Many more people today, are taking to hunting and competitive shooting with airguns, Besides being just plain fun, they can be just as durable, accurate, and powerful as small caliber rimfires and yet may have a lower overall operating cost.  The rising sport of air soft and paintball mock combat meets attests to the airgun's versitility.  Airguns are a great tool for teaching youth the safety aspects, proper shooting techniques, and the proper handling of firearms.  Many Boy Scouts have earned their Rifle Shooting Merit Badge with air guns.

Bass Pro Shops stocks a variety of airguns with BB or pellet pistols and pellet rifles from Daisy, Crosman, Winchester, Beeman, Gamo and Benjamin.  Soft air and paintball guns are represented by major manufacturers such as Franchi, JT, Crosman, Tippman, and Spyder.  In addition to BB's, we offer a wide selection of .177 and .22 pellets in different configurations especially for plinking, target shooting, or hunting.  Air soft BB's, paintballs, cleaning kits, safety glasses, hearing protection, and a variety of targets are stocked for all your airgun needs.

By Gary Feduccia


Savage 11/111 Lady Hunter


Attention Hunters and Huntresses!

If you’re looking for a rifle for the female shooter in your life, or even for yourself, look no further! Savage has just released the Lady Hunter. This rifle is tested by and made specifically for women. This rifle was designed with only one thing in mind, a perfect rifle for a woman. While designing this gun, they didn’t just resize a man’s gun and add pink, but actually took the time to find out what features could be improved to better fit a lady. First off, women generally have longer necks, so a raised comb was added to achieve greater comfort when shouldering the rifle and not so much slouching is taking place.  Next, they didn’t just chop off the stock, but actually shortened the length of pull and thinned out the palm swell to better fit a woman’s hand. And finally, Savage decided to take some weight out of the forend so it has a lighter, shorter 20” barrel which allows for a less tiresome hold on the gun when shouldering. Multiple calibers are available, including:
22-250 REM

223 REM

243 WIN

270 WIN

30-06 SPFLD

308 WIN


7MM-08 REM

The Lady Hunter features a detachable box magazine with a 4+1 round capacity for every caliber. MSRP for this rifle is $819.00 so hurry! This is a special order only feature for 2012 here in Bass Pro and availability is limited! If you have any questions regarding ordering this firearm, please come visit us or give us a call. We will be glad to help.


Savage Lady Hunter


--Krizia Torres

Hunting Associate/ Gun Vault Specialist

Bass Pro Shops

Miami, FL


Bass Pro Portage Has All Your Shooting Needs

Greetings from the hunting team at Bass Pro!

As Spring approaches it is a great time to pack up the family and head out to a shooting range for a day full of fun. At Bass Pro we have firearms available for the whole family, starting with .22 caliber rifles and pistols for the younger members of the family and for the young at heart, and all calipers up to large game hunting.

.22 rifle

Rim fire firearms are a great economical way to practice and teach firearm safety, work well for beginners, and can polish shooting techniques for experienced shooters. The hunting team also has full line of trap equipment and supplies. Bass Pro also offers full lines of bench shooting rifles and supplies.

We are happy to offer tactical style firearms as well. Some of these firearms include Remington R-15 series .223, Remington R-25 series (.243 & .308), Bushmaster series and Smith & Wesson M&P 15 series. We also carry a line of tactical shotguns Mossberg MarinerRemington Marine, Benelli M2 tactical , tactical Super Nova, to just name a few we also have many other brands available. Accessories that we carry for tactical weapons includes stocks from Archangle, TacStar shotgun accessories and a large variety of Tapco Ar-15 add-ons (fore grip,rail accessories,cleaning stars, and much more.

zombie ammo

Don't forget your Zombie ammo and targets for those dark nights! 


BPS Hunting Team Member



Entertainment for the Whole Family

Situated on the banks of the Ohio River, Clarksville, Indiana (  has a long, rich outdoors history.  Some of the oldest naturally exposed fossil beds ( can be seen there; Native Americans set up camps along the Ohio River as it was close to the crossing of the Buffalo Trace; it was the gathering point for the Lewis and Clark Expedition of the Louisiana Purchase ( and John James Audubon was only one of several naturalists to study the variety of wildlife in the area.  With such an outdoors heritage it is only natural that outdoors giant Bass Pro Shops has built a retail store in Clarksville which bills itself as the “Oldest American Town in the Northwest Territory.”  At 280,000 square-feet, Bass Pro Shops Outdoor World store is the company’s second largest to date.

Located in the River Falls Mall, just off Interstate 65 and across the river from Louisville, Kentucky, the entire store is a tribute to the Kentuckiana region and its people and, like other Bass Pro Shops Outdoor World stores, takes on the flavor and atmosphere of the region in which it is located.  Using area artifacts, antiques and memorabilia the store becomes a living museum of the hunting, fishing, camping and other outdoor legacies of Indiana.

The outdoor super store features two levels and is part museum, part art gallery, part education, conservation and entertainment center.  Massive log and rock work frame the Grand Entrance where inside, timber skin walls and vaulted post and beam construction ceiling make up the front lobby.   Natural daylight streams through the store through the 50,000-square-foot Hypalon roof structure.

Museum quality wildlife exhibits adorn the entire store including state record fish mounts, turkeys, native waterfowl, quail, pheasants, rams, elk, full body whitetail mounts and bears.  State record mounts are displayed alongside local historical prints depicting early Indiana residents enjoying sporting adventures.

Inside, giant, exquisitely crafted outdoor themed chandeliers, made by Bass Pro Shops own artisans, hang throughout the store.  Dinosaur fossils and wildlife tracks are imprinted in the concrete floor.  One of the store’s focal points is a rock bluff structure that showcases a dramatic 65’ waterfall (one of three) flowing into the 50,000 gallon aquarium which features two tanks.  It is stocked with more than 300 fish native to the area including large and smallmouth bass, catfish, carp, walleye, bluegill, and crappie.  A beaver pond and stream runs through the central clerestory on the main floor. 

Two elevators rise through cave-like structures near the aquarium allowing visitors to see through the aquarium on their ride up to the 2nd floor.

Murals, wildlife paintings and animal dioramas help portray local and regional scenes to lend authenticity and help capture the Indiana landscape.

On the 91,500-square foot first floor, visitors have the area’s largest selection of freshwater rods, reels and fishing accessories, all hand-picked and specially selected for the area, to choose from.  The White River Fly Shop, featuring antique and collectible fly fishing memorabilia, has a vast selection of the latest in fly fishing gear.  Experts will continue the art of hand-tying flies on site and assist customers in making the perfect selection.

More than a fishing store, visitors find items perfect for camping, hiking, outdoor cooking, bird watching or whatever your outdoor pleasures. A gift and nature center offers a variety of items from artwork to lamps, to bird feeders and furniture, home decorating items and gifts for the holidays.  Cooking accessories include cookbooks, spices, grills and jerky making items.

The attention to detail continues upstairs in the 178,600 square-foot second floor.  The hunting department features a 75’ long curved counter which stands ready to help assist customers.  Hunting cabinets are adorned with hand-carved animals.  World Class record mounts grace the walls.  Customers will find an equally impressive array of hunting clothing and gear.  The archery department offers a bow set-up shop and a 25-yard live archery range is perfect for testing that new bow or sharpening necessary skills.

Shooters of all ages will enjoy the 16,000-square foot, walk-through “African Big Game” safari-style rifle arcade with  animated targets.  There is also a theater-styled seminar room which will accommodate up to 200 people for various civic, educational or conservation functions.

A NASCAR department provides 3 car simulators plus all the clothing and items featuring your favorite driver. 

An 11,000 square-foot marine and boat center helps area residents have fun on the water with a full range of powerboats from Tracker Marine--the world’s largest manufacturer of fishing boats.  From big water boats to small fishing, canoeing and even kayaking, customers will find exactly what they need with selections from  Tracker, Nitro, Tahoe, Mako, Kenner and more.  An on-site boat service center with 4 service bays is available for customers’ convenience for boat rigging and repairs.

The store offers Outdoor Skills Workshops for adults, kids and families that will help maximize outdoor fun by teaching new skills and improving existing ones.  They also feature many youth activities throughout the year.

For more information regarding your Clarksville Bass Pro Shops store location, products or special events, please visit or call 812-218-5500.
Visit us soon!
Tina Tucker, Special Events Coordinator


From Combat To Coyotes

In the last couple decades the civilian popularity for the AR-15 function rifle has grain considerable popularity.  It has a wide variety of purposes, everything from being the standard military issued rifle to hunting coyotes.  The AR-15 is based off the 7.62x51 AR-10.  A lot of people believe the A.R. is an acronym for assault rifle, this however is false and is short for the designer of the weapon, which is a company by the name of Armalite.  In 1957, the innovative lightweight design quickly gained the attention of the united states government who was seeking a rifle that would replace the heavy, hard recoil, 20 round M14 rifle.  There was also interest in a new standard issue caliber due to the .308's weight, ammo capacity, and exit wound problem.  Armalite would try to solve this problem with the production of the AR-15.
ar15 evolution
Shortly after the creation of the AR-15, Armalite came into financial problems and sold the rights to the rifle to Colt.   who, in 1958, was awarded the military contract to produce the AR-15 or M16 as it's military designation would become.  Colt would go on to produce the rifle for the major conflicts that would take place in Vietnam.  The rifle was a lightwieight 3-round burst fire rifle with overwhelming accuracy for a standard issue infantry rifle.  However due to early design flaws the rifle was somewhat of a failure.  Colt, after the Vietnam war, lost it's military contract to produce the M-16 to FNH.  FNH has been producing the rifle ever since.  Colt later received a contract to make a carbine variant of the rifle known as the M-4.  This rifle is much more compact, features a collapsible stock, shorter barrel and heat shield, and is capable of semi and full auto fire.  The M-4 variant is the most popular civilian semi-automatic version you will find on shelves today.  In recent years the AR-15 has transitioned from the battle field and tactical world to the woods and meadows to take on the role of hunting rifle or "MSR" for "Modern Sporting Rifle".  Due to the sheer accuracy and easy of customization the AR-15 or MSR is an awesome choice for varmint hunters and has rapidly done so.  
remington msr

-Heath Ezell
 Hunting Lead


Time to Get Squirrely

The doldrums of summer are finally coming to a close and the time to hunt is coming quickly.  For me and my fellow Hoosiers, our first opportunity to get after something in the woods is squirrel season.  I find this time of year to be the most relaxing, care-free time in the field of the season.  Maybe it is just knowing that fall is here again and everything is going to be alright.  Maybe it is the minimal preparation needed to enjoy a squirrel hunt.  Or possibly it's the sound of Hickory cuttings raining from the trees on a cool, foggy late summer morning.  Regardless of why you are out there, having the right equipment can make your hunt a lot more enjoyable. 

 Most hunters have a stand-by rifle that is ready whenever it is needed.  Some are semi-auto and some are bolt action, while others still like the feel of a vintage lever gun.  If you are itching to get to the woods but do not have a trusty rifle to take, you're in luck because Bass Pro Shops offers a great variety of rimfire rifles perfect for chasing bushy tails.  Of course, we are talking about the .22 Long Rifle and the .17 HMR.  The .17 Mach 2 is also a great choice but your options on guns and ammo are pretty limited, so we will stick with the two former options.  

 A bolt action rifle is a great choice for somebody interested in getting started squirrel hunting, but a lot of experienced hunters stick with the bolt action as well.    The first that I will discuss is theSavage Mark II Series of rifles.  They come in .22 Long Rifle, start at about $199.99, and have many options from bull barrels to thumb-hole stocks.  They all feature Savage's Acu-Trigger and a 10 round clip.  These guns are great not only for a beginner, but a veteran looking to upgrade from his old rifle as well.  Another great rifle is the Browning T-Bolt Sporter.  The T-Bolt features a free floating barrel, satin walnut stock, and an adjustable trigger.  Furthermore, the top tang safety makes this gun perfect for right or left-handed shooters.  The Browning T-Bolt Sporter is as stylish as it is accurate and would be a great addition to any gun cabinet.  The retail is $579.99.  If you are interested in the higher powered .17 HMR, take a look at the Savage 93R17 series of rifles.  They feature the Acu-Trigger like the Mark 2 series.  The gun retails for 279.99 and you can upgrade to a package with a scope for an additional $10.

 Lever action rifles are still popular among squirrel hunters and others as well.  Their combination of accuracy and faster cycling time over the bolt action make them a great choice.  Furthermore, they have a much larger magazine capacity than most stock semi-auto's and bolt actions have.  There are actually a couple of options if you're looking for a lever gun.  Henry has the best selection with a mix of .17 HMR and .22 LR's.  The best option for a hunting gun would be the standard Henry Lever Action.  They are very reasonable in price starting at $299.99 for the .22 LR.  The Henry is a classic American made gun built to last a lifetime.  They also have the Golden Boy which sports a brass receiver and an octagon barrel.  The .22LR is $499.99 and the .17 HMR is $529.99.  Also available is the Marlin 39A. It feature an American Walnut stock and sports a 19+1 cartridge capacity.  It is a little more expensive than the Henry at $569.99.
Autoloaders are generally the favorite rimfires of most hunters and plinkers as well.  The great thing about autoloaders is that you can shoot as fast as you can pull the trigger while maintaining great accuracy.  Obviously, I will start off featuring the Ruger 10/22 as this is one of the most popular firearms in the whole world.  The Ruger 10/22 is probably the most customizable gun out there, maybe falling just short in that category to the AR-15.  The gun starts out at around $239.99.  It features a 10 shot rotary magazine and a very lightweight of just 5 pounds, making it a perfect squirrel rifle.  There are target models available but I would stick with the standard model for the sake of being lightweight and easy to carry.  The Marlin 60 is also a great rifle at an affordable price.  The synthetic and the wooden model both cost $159.99.  The 60 is tube-fed and holds 14 cartridges in the magazine.

 Regardless of what gun you buy there are a few things that you must have to get the most out of your squirrel hunting experience.  The first thing that I would recommend is a sling.  Even with the lightweight rimfire guns that I have discussed, a sling cuts way down on the fatigue of toting a rifle through the woods all morning.  Add a limit of squirrels to that and you are really in for a haul.  Another must have is a good optic for your rimfire.  My Ruger 10/22 that I use for hunting sports a RedHead 3-9X32 Rimfire Scope.  They run $59.99 and are great little scopes for squirrel hunting.  For a little bit better optics and light transmission, check out the Nikon Prostaff 3-9x40.  It is very bright and never fogs up on you in the middle of a hunt.  It retails at $159.99, but is worth the extra money if you can spare the extra hundred.   

 A good pocket knife serves many purposes in the woods.  Obviously, it is nice to have a good one for cleaning your squirrels.  The other nice thing is that squirrels are curious.  If you have one that you can hear, but it will not show itself, lightly tap your pocket knife on the stock of your gun to peak its curiosity.  Sometimes they will run down the tree for a look to find out what that tap is.  Bass Pro Shops offers many great knives.  A couple of my favorites for this application are the Buck 110, the Buck Rush series, and the RedHead Pen Wood pocket knife.  Try the Knight and Hale Squirrel Call to tap into their curiosity as well. 

 Another thing to keep in mind is bug spray!  You want to talk about ticks and mosquitoes, step out in the woods in the middle of August, you will find them.  You should treat all of your squirrel hunting clothes in Sawyer Permetherin to kill ticks that come in contact with your clothes.  Go ahead and put on some Maxi-Deet for additional protection.  Don't forget about your socks, shoes, waistline, and cuff lines of your shirt and pants.  This could mean the difference between a successful trip and being miserable to the point of never wanting to go again.  So if you don't follow any other advice in this entire blog, do this!

 After you finish gearing up at Bass Pro Shops, stop by your local hardware store to pick up the final item you will need for your hunting trip.  My favorite squirrel hunting accessory that I own is my squirrel pin.  It is a giant safety pin that I hang my squirrels from my belt on.  Unlike a game pouch or vest, it keeps your squirrels nice and neat for whenever it is time to clean them.  It makes cleaning the squirrels much easier and keeps air circulating around your game while you are in the woods rather than being wadded up in a game pouch.  The payoff of all of this is a great time in the woods and a good, healthy meal with squirrel, mashed potatoes, and green beans.  At least, that's what I would recommend.  Good luck hunting and enjoy the great dinner at the end of it!

-Brian Eickholtz


Prepare for the Upcoming Southeast Texas Hunting Season

Having the right equipment this season can make your hunting trips that much more comfortable and rewarding. Stock up on basic items now to have a rewarding season.

The snakes have been bad this year with the ongoing drought. A pair of RedHead Bayou Zip Camo Snake Boots will give you peace of mind as you are clearing trails and setting cameras. These boots provide 16” of snake protection and also work great on briers. They are 100% Bone-Dry waterproof and non-insulated.

RedHead Camo Bayou Zip Snake Boot

Match your snake boots with a RedHead 16” Pro Team Hunting Socks and you have the perfect combination for your feet. These socks are made with CoolMax to promote moisture-wicking and X-Systems technology that helps eliminate odor-causing bacteria.

RedHead 16" Pro Team Hunting Socks

Making the trip from your vehicle to your stand is a breeze with a RedHead Diamondback Bow/Rifle Pack. The material is water-resistant and has a great padded back with airflow channels to help with breathability. I love the bow/rifle harness system that this bad provides. Securing these items is a priority and allows for greater mobility.

RedHead Diamondback Bow/Rifle Pack

Enjoy the upcoming season!


Rimfire Target Shooting Considerations

Rimfire Target Shooting Considerations



When a customer indicates that they want to ‘target’ shoot, some questions immediately pop into my mind.


The first question is if the need is plinking (informal, fun shooting at items like pop cans, water bottles, dirt clods, etc.) or target shooting (more standardized paper and metal targets at established distances). It stands to reason that accuracy is more important for the target shooter.


So, with rimfire rifles in mind, what are some of the more common factors that are generally recognized as aiding accuracy? 

  1. bolt-actions tend to be more accurate than semi-auto, lever, or pump actions
  2. a single-shot bolt action tends to be more accurate than a repeater
  3. a lighter trigger pull (think adjustable) will disturb the gun less when pulling the trigger
  4. a one-piece stock with a wider forearm is more stable than a two-piece stock commonly found on lever and pump guns
  5. all barrels vibrate, but a heavier barrel (larger diameter) usually is more accurate
  6. a free-floating barrel that does not contact the stock will allow the barrel to vibrate consistently
  7. standard velocity ammunition generally is more accurate that high or hyper velocity ammo (but don’t be afraid to try at least five or six different types to see what will work the best).

Right out of the box, there are many fun plinkers (think Ruger 10/22, S&W M&P 15-22, Remington 597); but if the interest is target shooting, a bolt-action Savage with Accu-trigger, or CZ 452/453 will possess many of those factors that aid in shooting smaller 5-shot groups at 50 or 100 yards.


Target shooters need targets and a good, solid rest. Check out the Redhead Official NRA Small Bore Rifle Targets and Redhead Rifle Target. The Redhead Bench Shooting Bag will help you get a steady shot off at the paper.


Last but not least – safety is critical. Rimfire reports can damage hearing, so always use protection such as Redhead Folding Earmuffs and/or Redhead Foam Shooting Plugs. Your eyesight is also precious; protect them with Redhead Shooting Glasses. Now, go have some fun! 

Don Kearney

California Legal AR Type Rilfe / Morden Sporting Rifle (M.S.R.)

Modern Sporting Rifle (M.S.R.)
Keeping up with our customer needs BPS Rancho Cucamonga is proud to announce the
arrival of California Legal AR Type Rifle AKA Modern Sporting Rifle (M.S.R.)

Smith & Wesson M&P 15
m&pThe M&P15-22 is a dedicated M&P15 format rifle designed and built as a true .22 LR semi-auto from the ground up with all the standard operating features and accessory specifications of a modern version center-fire M&P15 rifle. Model M&P 15-22 has a six position stock, and 10 round mag.

Bushmaster Carbon 15
 Bushmaster Carbon 15 has a Polymer lower receiver that has a fixed magazine, making it incapable of accepting a detachable magazine, everything else are standard AR-15 parts. You have to pop the upper receiver off to load the internal magazine or just shoot single shots.

Remington R15 
remington r15Remington R15 is intended to be a varmint and predator hunting rifle with several barrels lengths and configuration options. 
This rifle is finished with Advantage Max -1 HD camouflage designed to blend in nicely with a variety of landscapes.

*Please Note!! Many of our pictures are stock photo's provided to be used as illustration and not necessarily represent the actual item.*

Upon your visit ask our friendly associate for assistance for available Model and caliber.

We look forward to your comments on this type of rifle.

Remember, at Bass Pro Shops in Rancho Cucamonga, we're "Sitting on Top of the World" to provide all your needs, and "We all live down stream".

Freddie Washington
Hunting Associate / Hunter Education Instructor

Bass Pro Shop Rancho Cucamonga, California


Spring Turkey Hunting in Missouri

Montana 2010First I would like to introduce myself, I am one of the Hunting Department Team Leads at the St. Charles Bass Pro Shops store. My name is David and I actively engage in several of the hunting and fishing seasons here in Missouri and in other states around the country. I enjoy the freedom and the serenity that is provided by actively engaging in such activities through out the year.

As spring begins to blossom, the weather begins to break and the temperatures increase, it sounds the signal on the spring turkey season. Spring turkey hunting this season promises to be more of a challenge than it has been in the previous few years. According to the MDC; several breeding seasons of foul and unfavorable weather conditions have reduced the number of birds per acre on average, and as such the large gobblers are more scarce and harder to call in and the jakes are even scarcer and are smaller on average. Though the overall numbers remain strong the competition for food, space, and hens is not as aggressive; setting the stage for a challenging season.

This year's season runs from April 18-May 8th, so now is the time to get equipped and get that essential must have gear:
  1. Shotgun
  2. Call
  3. Camouflage
  4. Permit
  5. Other items that I suggest you take but are not entirely necessary:
    • Knife or Knives for cleaning your bird
    • Camera- to capture that great moment
    • Binoculars- its a great help to spot those distant birds
    • Bug Repellent as often it can be damp and humid
    • Rain gear for those days when mother nature just doesn't cooperate

First lets look at the Shotgun, its the most essential part of your gear. There are a number of suitable choices from brands such as Mossberg, Remington, Browning, Winchester, and Benelli. While there is a dizzying array of choices, just keep in mind that there a a few specific features that make a "Turkey Gun" different from just another shot gun. Most are customized to some degree to take full advantage of the condition that most turkeys are hunted in, there fore they have shorter barrels that allow for great movement and ease of handling in dense foliage. They have more constrictive chokes either full or extra full to maximize the killing potential at the greatest distance possible by controlling the spread of the shot pattern. Many also make use of fiber optic rifle style sights to aid the shooter in aiming and making that perfect shot. Many now also make use of collapsible or pistol grip stocks to give the shooter greater comfort and control; and number one single defining factor is that a turkey gun sports a dense foliage camo pattern. Some of the best choices this season for a turkey gun are the Mossberg 500 series "Thug", and the Remington 887 Turkey Magnum- which is a Bass Pro Shops Exclusive. Both feature a dense woodland camo pattern, with fiber optic sights, and chokes optimized for turkey hunting. The Mossberg also sports a Choate Inc. Pistol grip stock.

The ammunition also makes a big difference on your success. Winchester, Remington and Environ-metal Hevi-Shot all make turkey specific hunting loads designed to exploit the advantages of the full and extra full chokes. These loads maximize effective range and killing power while being easy on the shooter and reliable in all conditions.

Next, we will look at the call. Once again this can prove to be a harrowing experience. To simplify your life there are two basic types of calls, the diaphragm call and the friction call.
  • The diaphragm call produces sound by the user forcing air through either a silicone of latex reed. The diaphragm call will often be referred to as a mouth call.
  • The friction call produces sound by rubbing two pieces of material against one another. The most common of the friction calls are the box and slate.
The diaphragm is most likely the hardest for the beginner to use, as it requires conditioning and hours of practice to master. Then it requires a different call for each type of sound you are wanting to produce. The box and slate calls however are rather user friendly and you can produce many types of sounds of varying length, volume and urgency from a single call. The box call is the simplest of the calls and can be used by anyone with little to no experience. The slate is a bit more advanced and its benefits far outweigh its learning curve. I suggest that even the greenest novice learn to use a slate call as its versatility lend itself to the varying conditions that are often encountered on a hunt. You can call soft and subtle or loud and aggressive, from a simple yelp to a full blown mating call. New for this year and one of my favorites is the Knight & Hale Warlord diaphragm call- quickly becoming a customer favorite. Its a full featured call ideally suited to the conditions that many face hunting spring turkey in Missouri. In the box calls the RedHead RTX box calls are a great value and are built to last through years of punishing use! In the slate call arena there are several great options; One of my favorites is the Primos Jackpot Slate, however there are some others that are great options as well: the HS Strut Lil Deuce II is a great beginners slate call as well as the all new for 2011 RedHead Cherry Friction slate call.

On to the camouflage, many times you can simply use what you have for early season bow hunting. However if your starting from scratch you will want to look at a thinner weight camo clothing that will provide comfort and concealment for those cool mornings but won't overheat you in the early afternoons. Ideally you want to be looking at something in an Mossy Oak, or a Real Tree pattern, as this best matches the Missouri foliage conditions. You also might want to purchase a blaze orange vest to wear when traveling to and from your hunting area. A face mask is also a good idea for a couple of reasons. One, it keeps the pestering bugs from your face. Two, turkey have particularly strong eye sight and your face and eyes are most often the portion of your body that give your position away when the rest of you is concealed.

The permit is just that: the state issued hunting permit that is required to be on you at all times while you are in the field hunting. It is available at any sporting goods retailer and now through the MDC website for an additional dollar. Its amazing just how many people forget just how important this piece of gear is. Its arguably the single most important piece of gear in your assortment. Don't risk your hunting privileges, get your permits on time and guard them like cash!

The other category is where many people go overboard and collect a lot of useless items. You have to remember everything you pack takes up space and adds weight, so pack sensibly. I prefer to keep my other items as light and compact as possible. For a knife I carry either a Buck Alpha Hunter with the Gut Hook feature or a Knives of Alaska Muskrat. For a camera I rely on either a Nikon or Canon pocket size digital camera. When using binoculars I prefer to carry the Nikon Monarch 8X36's. They are robust and have great light transmission for those early morning birds that are just out of naked eyesight, but be careful because you don't want to use them when there is a change of shadowing or prismatic reflection which may give away your position.

As far as bug repellent goes the best thing going right now is the Therma Cell. If you want or require bug repellent look no further; its light, compact, highly effective, and refillable. For those wet mornings quality rain gear is a must. I prefer a product with Gore Tex, as I have had great experience with it. However there are some new fleece materials on the market that are just as effective. Both the RedHead Storm Tex and Bone Dry backed clothes are great, as well as the Storm Kloth branded products.


Ultra-Light Tackle Fishing Guide

By Wade Bourne

The purpose for this downsized tackle is to enable an angler to cast tiny lures:  Jigs, crankbaits, spinners, etc. that weigh 1/32-1/8 ounce.

Sometimes, a little bit of fishing is better than a whole lot, at least as far as tackle and lures go.  In this case, "a little bit" equates to "ultra-light" -- bantam-sized rods, reels, lines and baits.  Frequently, such diminutive tackle and lures and the special techniques required of them will catch more fish than their heavy-duty counterparts.  And they don't just catch small fish!  Little baits draw big bites, and skillful anglers can catch lunkers on this so-called "toy tackle."


Still, many anglers shy away from using ultra-light.  They're afraid of its wimpy nature.  They don't understand its advantages, and they've never experienced its pleasures.  Indeed, fishermen using ultralight tackle average getting more bites, and they increase the challenge and (hopefully) satisfaction in playing fish.


So, exactly what is ultra-light tackle?  Technically, ultra-light is a term which describes a rod action.  The term is relative - lighter than light action.  Ultra-light rods typically quiver like buggy whips when shaken in the air.  They have parabolic actions (uniform bend from butt to tip) and the techniques required to use them are a bit different from your medium-, or heavy-action gear. 


Ultra-light rods are matched with small spinning or spincast reels.  These reels are spooled with spiderweb-sized lines, typically 2-6 pound test.


The purpose for this downsized tackle is to enable an angler to cast tiny lures:  Jigs, crankbaits, spinners, etc. that weigh 1/32-1/8 ounce.  Many times fish will take these smaller offerings more readily than larger ones.  Also, ultra-light allows anglers to fish artificials for crappie, bluegill, rock bass, trout, and other panfish which feed on smaller natural foods. 


Further, many experienced fishermen prefer ultra-light tackle for such larger species as black bass, catfish, walleyes. and even stripers or striper hybrids.  Using ultra-light on big fish increases the challenge in playing big fish and the satisfaction when they are landed. 


Ultra-Light Lures:  Big Attraction in Small Packages


By using ultra-light lures, anglers don't eliminate any fish.  If it swims and preys on other aquatic creatures, it will dine on ultra-light.  This is true of everything from madtoms to muskies.  True, these ultra-light lures come in several categories:  Crankbaits, jigs, topwaters, spinners, soft plastics, and spoons.  Most of these baits are very natural in appearance and resemble some natural prey.  Crawfish, minnows, worms and insects are favorites of predator fish, and even though these downsized lures take more small fish than large ones, that's because there are more small ones to start with. 


Anglers should stock up on lures in each category, then experiment to see which the fish prefer on that given day.  In clear water, natural colors are best - brown or green crawfish, silver spinners, and spoons.  However, in dingy water, such bright colors as chartreuse and yellow work well.


Playing Fish on Ultra-Light


Ultra-light is sporting tackle, not "horsing" tackle.  With these diminutive rods, reels and line, anglers have to play fish carefully and wear them down before attempting to land them.  This is why patience is a key element in successfully taking fish with ultra-light tackle. 


However, "ultra-light" describes more than tackle.  It defines a total concept in fishing -- downsizing to get more bites and to have more fun.  You should not try to "muscle" in fish with ultra-light tackle -- to do this will result in a broken line and resulting frustration.  Anglers must not hurry a larger fish to the boat or bank. 


Using ultra-light on big fish increases the challenge in playing big fish and the satisfaction when they are landed. 

Using reel drag properly is essential with ultra-light.  It should be checked before each outing and adjusted so the drag will slip before the line breaks.


Many anglers use the "feels right" method for setting drag, loosening the setting, then pulling line off by hand to check the amount of resistance.  However, this method is very imprecise.


A better method for setting drag is to attach the end of the line to a fixed object, then to back away and unreel 20-30 yards of line.  Next, tighten down on the drag so it won't slip, then back up so tension on the line is near the breaking point.  Then loosen the drag slowly until it slips the first time -- this is the proper setting for fishing.


When playing a fish on ultra-light, keep the rod tip up so the fish is pulling against the spring in the rod.  This is the quickest way to wear the fish down.


Proper use of the reel is a must in playing a fish with ultra-light.  In open water where snags are minimal, an angler simply has to hold on and wait for the fish to tire.  However, in confined waters where snags are close, chances are the fish will head for the cover.


In this case, the ultra-light angler must hold on and attempt to steer the fish away from the cover with steady pressure.  Or he can give the fish line as it heads under a log or into a treetop, then apply pressure again when the fish stops.  Sometimes a big fish burrows straight into cover, then will turn and come straight out again without snarling the line.


A landing net is a handy accessory when ultra-light fishing for larger fish.  If no net is available, a fish should be fully spent before it is landed by hand.  One last headshake at the boat may break the line.


Eliminating Line Twist


One major nemisis for ultra-light anglers is line twist.  Thin monofilament and narrow-spool spinning reels are a recipe for teeth-clenching snarls.


However, ultra-light users can take any of several measures to eliminate this problem.  For starters, spool fresh line onto the reel.  New line has less "memory" than line that's been spooled on for a lengthy period.


The underspin is another great reel to your ultra-lite set-up. 

Another way to reduce twist is to soak your line in water for a few minutes before fishing with it.  Monofilament line will soak up water, which causes it to be limper than dry line.  Remove the line spool from the reel, drop it into a bucket of water and leave it for 3-5 minutes.  Or, simply strip 20-30 yards of line from the reel and allow it to soak in the water.  Then wind the line back onto the reel for fishing.


A third way to reduce line twist is to spray the line with a commercial lubricant.  These line treatment products are sold under a variety of brand names.


Some anglers unknowingly cause line twist by using their equipment improperly.  When the bait is hung, don't pull hard enough on the line to cause the drag to slip.  This will impart severe line twist. 


A fourth way to reduce twist is to manually close the bail of a spinning reel after making a cast.  Most anglers don't realize that closing a bail mechanically builds sing a bail mechanically imparts a small amount of twist to the line.  After a lengthy period of time, this can accumulate to worrisome twists and loops. 


If line twist does occur, remove the lure, then strip 50 or more yards of line off the spool and allow it to flow freely behind the boat or downcurrent.  Resistance from the current will cause the line to untwist itself.


"Super Lines:"  Super for Ultra-Light 


Monofilament lines have been the choice of ultra-light users for years, but now many anglers are switching to new "super lines" for the unique combination of properties they offer.


For starters, super lines (i.e., Berkley Fireline) are remarkably strong, yet thin.  Ten pound test super line has an equivalent diameter of 4 pound test monofilament.  This means anglers who spool with these lines can cast tiny lures yet have more line strength for playing fish.  Also, super lines are extremely limp and sensitive, two additional qualities which are a boon to ultra-light users.


One other property of these lines is winning ultra-light converts.  Super lines are extremely resistant to twisting.  An angler can cast an in-line spinner -- notorious for causing line twist -- all day virtually twist-free.



Choosing Ultra-Light Tackle throughout North America


Today, consumers have a broad range of ultra-light tackle from which to choose, and quality runs the gamut.  Anglers would be well-served to lean toward upper end products in terms of quality and price.  Playing a large fish on ultra-light is no time to worry if the rod, reel or line will fail.


There are several indicators of high quality.  Perhaps the best one is price.  In buying tackle, you usually get what you pay for.  High quality ultra-light rods and reels can cost as much as heavier tackle.


Beyond price, look for quality in the type materials used and features offered.  Today, some top quality ultra-light reels have 5 ball bearings.  Rods may be constructed of IM6 or IM7 graphite. 


Many anglers make the mistake of mismatching their rod and reel (for instance, buying an ultra-light reel and putting it on a rod with a light or medium-light action).  For casting distance and accuracy with small lures, the reel, rod and line must be precisely balanced.


A silky-smooth drag is a must.  Also, check the overall appearance of a rod - how it is finished, how its guides are mounted, etc.  Look for consistency and overall care in how the rod is assembled.  This is where high quality will show through.


Rod length is another important consideration.  Ultra-light rods measure from 4-7 1/2 feet.  Shorter rods are good for casting in confined areas (i.e., narrow streams), but they don't yield the same casting distance and fighting power of longer rods.  Longer rods will cast ultra-light lures farther, and their extra length provides more shock absorption for fighting big fish.  However, longer rods can be unwieldy to use in tight situations.  Everything considered, the best all-purpose ultra-light rods measure 5-6 feet.


Standard monofilament line sizes for ultra-light use are 2, 4, and 6 pound test, with the former two sizes the most popular.  Different companies' lines in the same pound tests will have different feels and break strengths (despite what the labels say).  Ultra-light anglers should experiment with different lines and fine-tune their tackle for best feel and performance. This job is similar to precision-tuning a custom rifle and its load for maximul accuracy.


Situations for Using Ultra-Light


Ultra-light tackle and methods may be used anytime by anglers who find this style and philosophy of fishing appealing.  However, there are a few special situations where ultra-light is also the most practical, most productive fishing method available.  Specific examples include:


--Where fishing pressure is heavy.  Heavily pressured fish get spooky, and they become less likely to bite large, fast moving baits.  However, they are much more prone to eat lures that are inconspicuous in terms of size and action.  Finesse pays off in heavily fished areas.


--Waters that are extremely clear.  Crystal clear water is another condition that makes fish spooky.  Thin line is less visible, and smaller baits are more visible, and smaller baits are less threatening, hence more appealing, than larger lures with abrasive actions.


--Post-cold front conditions.  When a cold front blows through and the barometer rises, bass get uncomfortable, much like a human with indigestion.  Offer him a steak, and he will turn it down flat.  But pass a spoon of vanilla ice cream in front of him, and he'll probably take it.  Ultra-light is the vanilla ice cream of fishing. 


--When natural forage is small.  Sometimes, when minnows or insects are small, predator fish refuse to bite larger baits, but ultra-light lures which approximate the size of the natural food will still work.


Don't Forget the Pliers!


One must-have accessory for ultra-light fishing is a pair of needlenose pliers, or some type fisherman's tool with pliers included.  Hooks on ultra-light baits are small and sharp, and they're best removed from deep within a fish's mouth by using the needlenoses.  Doing so protects both fish and angler.


In addition, ultra-light anglers might also consider carrying three other accessories to make their sport more effective and enjoyable:  Line clippers, a small hook file, and magnifying glasses for tying and checking knots in thin line.


Dressing for Ice Fishing

By Jason Akl

The time between the first snowfall and the first good ice is never long enough for sportsmen who transition from late-season hunting to ice fishing. It seems you barely have time to put away your rifle before hearing reports of fish being pulled through the ice.


Since ice fishing is one of those special sports where preparation is everything, having the right clothes for the early season can mean the difference between coming home with your limit and aborting your trip without a single catch because you weren't prepared for the cold. The following guide on dressing for the ice should help you prevent the latter from happening.


Choose a waterproof boot with a removable liner that's comfort rated for temperatures similar to those in which it'll be used.  

Socks and Footwear

One of the most important items for ice fishing is a quality pair of cold-weather boots. Many boots available in stores will keep your feet warm while  just walking around, but a quality pair of ice boots will keep your feet dry and warm all day.


Because lake water will splash around and soak your feet when drilling your fishing holes, a good pair of boots must be waterproof.

Additionally, a good pair of boots will have removable liners that can be taken out and dried after a hard day fishing. Boot ratings should also be considered; a boot's rating will tell you the conditions that they can be worn comfortably in. 


Socks are another key consideration for serious ice fisherman. Socks are the last line of defense when it comes to keeping your toes from freezing. Having one pair of heavy duty wool socks is great to insulate your feet from the cold, but having a second pair of wicking socks are key to keeping your feet dry. Wicking socks are great for ice fisherman because they pull perspiration that builds around the feet away from the skin.


Lastly, a pair of cleats or traction devices that slip over your boots might be necessary, depending on where you plan to fish. If the conditions are very icy and you are having a trouble keeping your balance, a good pair of ice cleats will make maneuvering much easier.


Coats, Sweatshirts and Pants
Layering is the key to keeping the body's core warm. Layering allows anglers to strip down should the body become too warm, either from excessive work or the heat of the sun's rays.


Expedition Weight Thermal Top

A breathable, moisture-wicking base layer is essential to stay warm on the ice. 

The secret to layering is to have enough clothes on to handle even the worst conditions and slowly remove them one piece at a time should it become too warm. Also, when layering, try creating at least one one-piece layer. The advantage to a single piece component is that there is no point where warmth can escape, keeping the body warmer longer. As for the torso and legs, these body parts never get directly exposed to the cold weather, so having clothes that hold heat in and move water out is essential.


Over the past ten years, winter coats have probably evolved as much as any other piece of equipment, if not more. New space-age fabrics such as Gore-Tex and Supplex are phenomenal at keeping the wind, snow and sleet away from the body while still allowing the body to breathe. Good coats will incorporate these types of fabrics along with waist and wrist cuffs to stop the cold weather from sneaking in. Purchasing a coat with a removable liner is another great idea since all days are not created equal; what you wear for zero degree weather is not what you want to be wearing when the temperature is in the teens.


Sweaters and shirts made of wool and fleece are great for under layers. These fabrics can keep the body as warm as anything else on the market. One or two layers of these fabrics will keep heat in for hours on end. A good idea similar to that of the socks idea is to have a fabric against the body that is a wicking layer to pull any perspiration away from the body.


For the legs, traditional long underwear is a good place to start with a second layer of fleece or wool leggings pulled over top. If you do not have one of these types of secondary underwear, then a pair of sweatpants pulled over the long underwear will suffice, but will probably be a little cumbersome to move around in.


To cover up the legs, a pair of waterproof coveralls is a must. When ice fishing, you're constantly on your knees tending to lines, so a pair of bibs that keep you legs dry are worth their weight in gold.


Gloves and Hats
Distal extremities are some of the more critical body parts to protect when ice fishing. Fingers are usually the first part of the body to feel the cold weather, and even the simplest of tasks can become a challenge with cold hands. Good gloves and mitts are a necessity, and, depending upon the conditions, both may be necessary.


Neoprene Fishing Gloves

Neoprene gloves protect your hands from ice-cold water.

Having a second pair of gloves is a good idea since everything you do while ice fishing will get your hands wet. Neoprene gloves are another good idea because they protect your hands from the icy cold waters; however, from past experiences they are a little lacking in overall warmth.


A stocking cap or toque is another key piece of ice-fishing attire. The body loses a major percentage of its heat through the head, so having a good hat that prevents heat loss is a must.


When you are out on the lake, snow cover will reflect the sun's rays, making it extremely bright and unbearable for your eyes. A good pair of sunglasses will protect your eyes from the sun's dangerous UVA and UVB rays, while at the same time making it easier to see your tip-ups go off, especially if they are any distance away.


There's nothing worse than getting to your favorite ice fishing spot, dropping your lines into the water, and then having to leave early simply because you can't stand the cold. With a little planning and attention paid to what you're putting on, anglers can protect against almost any foul weather conditions they might encounter. With ice fishing, half the battle is staying warm long enough to stay on the ice and catch fish. Catching fish, on the other hand -- that's a topic for another article.


Field Test

By Brenda Valentine

In 1985, the in-line muzzleloader opened a door of opportunity in the shooting industry. The design, which places the primer directly behind the charge, decreased the chance of misfires, which increased hunter confidence. Gun manufacturers have perfected the design, creating models for every taste, situation and pocketbook.  Here's some help for choosing your next front-stuffin' firearm.


Cost Factor

In-lines are a buyer's market. I found guns from reputable companies from $100 to $1,000. Beginners often buy lower-priced guns with the intention of upgrading. Also, many buy shooting kits, which include a gun, tools, ammo, cleaners and lubricants. Stock options affect price. Sleek laminates, rich walnut or exotic textured wood cost more than synthetic stocks.


After that, the choices become more confusing. Most muzzleloaders are available with three ignition options. No. 11 caps are the original standby. However, you shouldn't use them with pellet propellant, which generates less heat. Musket caps are similar in design yet larger than No. 11s. They produce adequate fire for all powder types and are easier to use with cold or gloved fingers. Most shooters prefer the 209 shotshell primer. A few guns have interchangeable nipples to accompany all three ignitions.


Action is perhaps the greatest difference between in-lines. Most in-lines replicate center-fire actions, but the big news is pivot-action muzzleloaders. All actions are reasonably dependable in wet weather. However, the pivot action can be cleaned easily. Just pull the breech plug and swab the barrel.


There's only a few calibers to choose from. The .50-caliber can be used for all big game. The popularity of whitetails is largely responsible for the introduction of the .45-caliber, which has less recoil, higher speed and flatter trajectory, but less knock-down power.


Barrel Selection

In general, barrels measure 22 to 28 inches. Theoretically, longer barrels use propellant more efficiently and fire a more stable projectile. Rifling, or twist, ranges from 1-turn-in-24 inches to 1-in-30 inches. Stainless and blued steel are still preferred barrel materials. The weather conditions where you hunt will determine which steel you'll need.


Magnum barrels have extra-thick walls to accommodate combustion pressure from extreme loads. A magnum load is anything more than 100 grains of Pyrodex, with 150 grains considered the maximum. 


Fluted barrels, smoothbore shotgun barrels with custom chokes, and even barrels with muzzle-brakes are available. Interchangeable barrels, which convert from a single-shot break-action shotgun to an in-line muzzleloader, are popular.


Almost every barrel includes factory-mounted fiber-optic sights and predrilled and tapped placement for scope mounts. Some states regulate the use of magnifying optics, so check regulations first. Other features include swivel studs, a quality recoil pad, and an aluminum or extra-tough ramrod.


With average weights of 6 to 8 pounds and lengths of 41 to 45 inches, in-lines are made to fit every hunter. However, it still boils down to one shot.